In the forex market currencies trade in lots, called micro, mini, and standard lots. A micro lot is 1000 worth of a given currency, a mini lot is 10,000, and a standard lot is 100,000. This is different than when you go to a bank and want $450 exchanged for your trip. When trading in the electronic forex market, trades take place in set blocks of currency, but you can trade as many blocks as you like. For example, you can trade seven micro lots (7,000) or three mini lots (30,000) or 75 standard lots (750,000), for example.
Investoo: Are you new in the trading market and looking to make the most of your investments in the easiest way possible? This site can help you make the right choices. There are simple step by step courses catered for beginners to help you learn what you need to know. There are various helpful videos which you can watch and learn from. Or listen to audio lessons to help you learn the way you want to learn. If you are ever unsure or lost you can always ask a broker on the site and they will put you back on the right track. So start somewhere where you’ll learn from the best with this site!
Even if you master every possible method of market analysis and will make very accurate predictions for future Forex market behavior, you will not make any money without a proper money management strategy. Money management in Forex (as well as in other financial markets) is a complex set of rules that you develop to fit your own trading style and amount of capital you have for trading. Money management plays very important role in getting profits out of Forex; do not underestimate it. To get more information on money management, you can read these books:
Firms may have program trading strategies that execute thousands of trades a day, while other firms may have program trading strategies that only execute trades every few months. The volume and frequency of program trading varies greatly by firm, and by the strategy the program is based on. A day trading program will be far more active than an investing program designed to only periodically rebalance a portfolio.

which will offer high-quality brokerage services to conduct trading operations on the forex market via the Internet or the phone. Buy and sell transactions are made on behalf of a client of the brokerage company. Besides, the brokerage services include providing a trader with analytical information, trading strategies of high-qualified specialists, analysts’ consultation, a free access to the trading platform and so on. The client and the brokerage company shoulder a mutual responsibility and provide guarantees which are stipulated in the contract of rendering the brokerage services. One should bear in mind that the larger a brokerage company the more qualitative services it renders but to cooperate with such a company one needs to dispose a larger amount of money.
There are risks associated with utilizing an Internet-based trading system including, but not limited to, the failure of hardware, software, and Internet connection. Any opinions, news, research, analyses, prices, or other information contained on this website are provided as general market commentary, and do not constitute investment advice. Earn2Trade LLC is not liable for any loss or damage, including without limitation, any loss of profit, which may arise directly or indirectly from use of or reliance on such information. Earn2Trade LLC has taken reasonable measures to ensure the accuracy of the information on the website. Our content is subject to change at any time without notice.
This pattern is tradable because it provides an entry level, a stop level and a profit target. In Figure 1 there is a daily chart of the EUR/USD and an H&S bottoming pattern that occurred. The entry is provided at 1.24 when the "neckline" of the pattern is broken. The stop can be placed below the right shoulder at 1.2150 (conservative) or it can be placed below the head at 1.1960; the latter exposes the trader to more risk, but it has less chance of being stopped before the profit target is hit.

Currency prices are constantly moving, so the trader may decide to hold the position overnight. The broker will rollover the position, resulting in a credit or debit based on the interest rate differential between the Eurozone and the U.S. If the Eurozone has an interest rate of 4% and the U.S. has an interest rate of 3%, the trader owns the higher interest rate currency because they bought EUR. Therefore, at rollover, the trader should receive a small credit. If the EUR interest rate was lower than the USD rate then the trader would be debited at rollover.


When a trader opens a position at AvaTrade, he is not charged any other commissions beside the spread. The spread is the difference between the buy and sell price which is counted in pips – the fourth digit after the dot. For example if the buy price of EURUSD is 1.1123 and the sell price is 1.1120, then the spread is 3 pips. The spread charged for a position opened by a trader is the spread multiplied by the size of the position.

FOREX.com does a great job in centralizing its research within the Advanced Trading platform and keeping it well organized for traders to access easily. Multiple news channels, automated pattern-recognition modules from Trading Central, real-time trade signals and analysis tools from Autochartist and Recognia and blog updates from FOREX.com’s global research team are all available. Furthermore, FOREX.com offers a premium package with trading signals from Faraday research, which runs £720 per annum.
The IIROC is overlooked and monitored by Canadian Securities Administrators (CSA) an umbrella organization which provides support to a range of federal and provincial organizations and its aim is to coordinate and harmonize the regulation of the financial markets of Canada. Moreover, a range of provincial organizations like the Ontario Securities Commission (OSC), Autorité des Marchés Financiers (AMF) and the British Columbia Securities Commission (BCSC) also participate in the process of regulation and control, but their efforts are synchronized with the help of the IIROC.
Ava Trade offers a comprehensive trading platform which is of professional quality. It is easy enough to learn that even novices with no experience will be able to grasp the concepts required for successful trading. The platform is also very useful for more experienced traders and the platform can evolve to suit a trader’s growing needs and changing trading strategies.
A non-bank foreign exchange company also known as foreign exchange broker or simply forex broker is a company that offers currency exchange and international payments to private individuals and companies. The term is typically used for currency exchange companies that offer physical delivery rather than speculative trading. i.e., there is a physical delivery of currency to a bank account.
The content is not intended to provide investment, financial, accounting, legal, tax or other professional advice and should not be relied upon or regarded as a substitute for such advice. We recommend that you seek advice from a qualified professional adviser before acting on any information or other content appearing on this website or any website to which may be linked. Past performance is not indicative of future results. There is a risk of of loss in trading. Read: Risk Disclosure Information
Unlike most online stock trading platforms, Robinhood doesn’t charge a commission fee every time you buy or sell stocks, ETFs, or options. If you’re a high-volume trader, or a beginner without much cash to spare, that makes Robinhood an attractive alternative to the $5 to $7 fees per trade offered by competitors. However, Robinhood does rake in “payment for order flow” by rounding regulatory fees up to the nearest penny and pocketing the difference. “That means if you buy a stock for $100.00, Robinhood earns 2.6 cents from the market maker,” says co-founder and co-CEO Vlad Tenev, whereas “other brokerages earn rebates and charge you a per-trade commission fee.”
The one and only, the first and most famous cryptocurrency. Bitcoin serves as a digital gold standard in the whole cryptocurrency-industry, is used as a global means of payment and is the de-facto currency of cyber-crime like darknet markets or ransomware. After seven years in existence, Bitcoin‘s price has increased from zero to more than 650 Dollar, and its transaction volume reached more than 200.000 daily transactions.
This material does not contain and should not be construed as containing investment advice, investment recommendations, an offer of or solicitation for any transactions in financial instruments. Please note that such trading analysis is not a reliable indicator for any current or future performance, as circumstances may change over time. Before making any investment decisions, you should seek advice from independent financial advisors to ensure you understand the risks.
Headquartered in Mauritius, HotForex is regulated by CySEC, the FCA, the South African Financial Conduct Services Authority (FSCA) and the Dubai Financial Services Authority. HotForex offers clients a PAMM account with a search engine to customize your managed accounts’ performance by filtering strategies, current ranking, PAMM strategy name, maximum drawdown and minimum deposit.
Once you have your MetaTrader account password, you can practice all of the above until your demo account expires. However, you will find plenty of brokers offering MT4 demo accounts that don’t expire. This means you can benefit from live quotes from all markets, as well as a virtual portfolio, allowing you to practice under real market conditions, for as long as you want.
With ICICI Bank’s online forex services, you can stop worrying about your travel card requirements. The online forex buying facility enables you to get Travel Card delivered at your doorstep. With the online reload facility, you can reload your card when overseas, through Internet Banking or iMobile app with the desired currency from anywhere, anytime. Upon your return, the unspent forex on Travel Card can be refunded online at a click of the button - which makes your end-to-end experience hassle-free.

A single pound on Monday could get you 1.19 euros. On Tuesday, 1.20 euros. This tiny change may not seem like a big deal. But think of it on a bigger scale. A large international company may need to pay overseas employees. Imagine what that could do to the bottom line if, like in the example above, simply exchanging one currency for another costs you more depending on when you do it? These few pennies add up quickly. In both cases, you—as a traveler or a business owner—may want to hold your money until the forex exchange rate is more favorable.
GCI Financial LTD does not offer its services if you are a citizen or resident of any of the following countries: Afghanistan, Cuba, Eritrea, Iran, Iraq, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, North Korea, South Sudan, Sudan, Syria or the United States of America. This list is not exhaustive and we may in our sole discretion decide to discontinue or restrict our services in other countries at any time and without prior notice.
Several major investment banks, including Japan’s Nomura, Switzerland’s UBS and London’s RBC Capital Markets have all recently raised their gold price forecasts. UBS now expects the price of gold to average USD1,300 per ounce this year while RBC has set an average of USD 1,400 per ounce. For 2015, Nomura predicts a gold price of USD 1,460 per ounce.
On 25 March 2014, the United States Internal Revenue Service (IRS) ruled that bitcoin will be treated as property for tax purposes. This means bitcoin will be subject to capital gains tax.[62] In a paper published by researchers from Oxford and Warwick, it was shown that bitcoin has some characteristics more like the precious metals market than traditional currencies, hence in agreement with the IRS decision even if based on different reasons.[63]
Figure 2 shows a symmetric triangle. It is tradable because the pattern provides an entry, stop and profit target. The entry is when the perimeter of the triangle is penetrated – in this case, to the upside making the entry 1.4032. The stop is the low of the pattern at 1.4025. The profit target is determined by adding the height of the pattern to the entry price (1.4032). The height of the pattern is 25 pips, thus making the profit target 1.4057, which was quickly hit and exceeded.
In 1998, Wei Dai published a description of "b-money", characterized as an anonymous, distributed electronic cash system.[12] Shortly thereafter, Nick Szabo described bit gold.[13] Like bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies that would follow it, bit gold (not to be confused with the later gold-based exchange, BitGold) was described as an electronic currency system which required users to complete a proof of work function with solutions being cryptographically put together and published.
The trading interface is what the user of the forex trading software interacts with in order to execute forex trades. Such an interface needs to be both ergonomic and generally acceptable for your purposes. Most trading interfaces can be customized, but to what extent generally depends on the software. Adjusting window placement and display colors are common trading interface changes that most platforms permit.
Most stock quote data provided by BATS. Market indices are shown in real time, except for the DJIA, which is delayed by two minutes. All times are ET. Disclaimer. Morningstar: © 2019 Morningstar, Inc. All Rights Reserved. Factset: FactSet Research Systems Inc.2019. All rights reserved. Chicago Mercantile Association: Certain market data is the property of Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc. and its licensors. All rights reserved. Dow Jones: The Dow Jones branded indices are proprietary to and are calculated, distributed and marketed by DJI Opco, a subsidiary of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC and have been licensed for use to S&P Opco, LLC and CNN. Standard & Poor's and S&P are registered trademarks of Standard & Poor's Financial Services LLC and Dow Jones is a registered trademark of Dow Jones Trademark Holdings LLC. All content of the Dow Jones branded indices © S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC 2019 and/or its affiliates.

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Most forex brokers allow a very high leverage ratio, or, to put it differently, have very low margin requirements. This is why profits and losses can be so great in forex trading even though the actual prices of the currencies themselves do not change all that much — certainly not like stocks. Stocks can double or triple in price, or fall to zero; currency never does. Because currency prices do not vary substantially, much lower margin requirements is less risky than it would be for stocks.
Forex training is a guide for retail forex traders. Forex trading courses are often certified through a regulatory body or financial institution. In the United States, the SEC, the Chicago Board of Trade, the Chicago Mercantile Exchange, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, the National Futures Association, the Futures Industry Association and the Commodity Futures Trading Commission are some of the boards that certify courses.
Most forex demo accounts allow practice traders to get a sense for what it feels like to trade on margin. This aspect of trading in a demo account can be very educational, since you will probably be margin trading when you start live trading, if you are like most personal forex traders funding their own portfolio. Remember that using leverage increases the risk!
Tokenised securities are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. You should consider whether you understand how tokenised securities and leverage work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money. Nothing in the above article should be regarded as a recommendation to trade generally, to trade on a particular platform or to trade in a particular asset. Asset prices can go down as well as up and past performance is not a guide to future performance. Investors and traders should thoroughly research an asset or strategy before making any trading or investment decision and if necessary seek professional advice.
Fidelity’s platform wins for user-friendly design, with tools to help take the guesswork out of finding funds and nosing out strategies. Fidelity’s platform lets you explore your options with a slick and intuitive design, complete with color-coded rankings and charts that call out what’s important. You can sort stocks by size, performance, and even criteria like sales growth or profit growth. Want to sort ETFs by the sectors they focus on or their expenses? Done. There’s even a box to check if you want to explore only Fidelity’s commission-free offerings. A few other discount brokers do offer screeners, but none match Fidelity’s depth and usability.
Retail aggregator platforms aggregate forex trades from multiple small traders and lay them off in the inter-dealer market. Dealers, in turn, provide liquidity to the aggregators. The retail investors themselves are unaware of the aggregation: what they see is a sophisticated online forex trading platform providing real-time prices, margin (credit) accounts and a range of forex management and reporting tools.
Starting from the basics depending on which forex company you decide to trade with you should understand that account type offerings vary as some forex companies offer a range of accounts addressing all major trading audiences in terms of budget where other forex companies address traders with generally larger starting budgets. Usual account types at the majority of forex companies range from Micro and go all the way to Executive which realistically vary in terms of service and offerings.
Big news comes in and then the market starts to spike or plummets rapidly. At this point it may be tempting to jump on the easy-money train, however, doing so without a disciplined trading plan behind you can be just as damaging as gambling before the news comes out. This is because illiquidity and sharp price movements mean a trade can quickly translate into significant losses as large swings take place or ‘whipsaw’.
Look at the chart below, which is a continuation of the NZD/USD chart above. Once the descending triangle formation is completed, we wait for a candle to breakout from the pattern, as it did at E. We sell short NZD/USD at 0.6375, while placing our stop-loss slightly above the previous significant high at 0.6405 (a 30-pip difference from the sell price). NZD/USD tumbles in our desired direction.
Real world trading looks very different to nicely drawn illustrations. Maybe if you offered trade examples from actual trading within a third-party verified account you could be taken seriously. The thing is this: my five year old niece does drawings similar to those in this article. But she’s no trader. I would’ve expected something different from a guy who calls himself a professional trader and who has ads in Forbes and Washington Post (that’s how I landed here).
America's Articles of Confederation, adopted in 1781, provided that Congress should have the sole right to regulate the alloy and value of coins struck by its own authority or by the respective states. Each state had the right to coin money, but Congress served as a regulating authority. Vermont, Connecticut and New Jersey granted coining priveleges to companies or individuals. A number of interesting varieties of these state issues, most of which were struck in fairly large quantities, can still be acquired, and form a basis for many present day collections of early American coins.
EXNESS (NZ) Ltd. ReviewT1 ROTW Spread bets and CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. 74-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs with this provider. You should consider whether you understand how CFDs work and whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money.
Trading foreign exchange on margin carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. The high degree of leverage can work against you as well as for you. Before deciding to invest in foreign exchange you should carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience, and risk appetite. No information or opinion contained on this site should be taken as a solicitation or offer to buy or sell any currency, equity or other financial instruments or services. Past performance is no indication or guarantee of future performance. CFDs are complex instruments and come with a high risk of losing money rapidly due to leverage. Between 74-89% of retail investor accounts lose money when trading CFDs. You should consider whether you can afford to take the high risk of losing your money Please read our legal disclaimer.
Investments can be attracted in different ways. One of them is the issue of share , which allows investors to become shareholders of the company and have the right, thereby, to receive dividends from the company's profit. Shares are not only a tool for receiving dividends, but on the stock market, investors can earn money due to periodic fluctuations in the price of these share.
Just like stocks, you can trade currency based on what you think its value is (or where it's headed). But the big difference with forex is that you can trade up or down just as easily. If you think a currency will increase in value, you can buy it. If you think it will decrease, you can sell it. With a market this large, finding a buyer when you're selling and a seller when you're buying is much easier than in in other markets. Maybe you hear on the news that China is devaluing its currency to draw more foreign business into its country. If you think that trend will continue, you could make a forex trade by selling the Chinese currency against another currency, say, the US dollar. The more the Chinese currency devalues against the US dollar, the higher your profits. If the Chinese currency increases in value while you have your sell position open, then your losses increase and you want to get out of the trade.

While learning a lot about market analysis and money management is an obvious and necessary step to become a successful FX trader, you also need to master your emotions to keep your trading performance under strict control of mind and intuition. Controlling your emotions in Forex trading is often balancing between greed and fear. Almost any known psychological practices and techniques can help currency traders to follow their trading strategies rather than their spontaneous emotions. The problems you will have to deal with while being a professional Forex trader include:


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With no inactivity charge and a $50 full outgoing transfer fee, Ally Invest’s fee structure is about as low as you'll find. Ally keeps its edge with a zero account minimum and enticing discounts for active investors — equity trades drop to $3.95 for users with 30-plus trades each quarter or a balance of $100,000. In October 2019, Ally also followed in the footsteps of mobile platforms like Robinhood and announced totally commission-free stocks and ETFs. Lastly, Ally Invest’s platform and resources stand out with quality research and tools, including access to its online trader network.
Also, when it comes to providing trading platform access, most brokers offer two main options. The first is an online trading platform usually accessed via your Internet browser. The second is a client-side trading platform that will generally need to be downloaded and installed on your Windows-based PC. Both options require an Internet connection to provide up-to-date pricing and trade execution in your forex demo account.
It is also going to be beneficial for you to open up a demo trading account at one of our handpicked Forex Brokers for once you have mastered the art of using their respective trading platforms and have understood and got first-hand experience at placing several different Forex trades you will then be bale to claim a bonus when you switch your demo account over to a real money account.
It is estimated that in the UK, 14% of currency transfers/payments are made via Foreign Exchange Companies.[66] These companies' selling point is usually that they will offer better exchange rates or cheaper payments than the customer's bank.[67] These companies differ from Money Transfer/Remittance Companies in that they generally offer higher-value services. The volume of transactions done through Foreign Exchange Companies in India amounts to about US$2 billion[68] per day This does not compete favorably with any well developed foreign exchange market of international repute, but with the entry of online Foreign Exchange Companies the market is steadily growing. Around 25% of currency transfers/payments in India are made via non-bank Foreign Exchange Companies.[69] Most of these companies use the USP of better exchange rates than the banks. They are regulated by FEDAI and any transaction in foreign Exchange is governed by the Foreign Exchange Management Act, 1999 (FEMA).
Unfortunately, you can hardly find a franchise of a forex trading company to purchase meaning that if you want to own a forex trading business, then you must be ready to start from the scratch. This is so because the business is easy to start if you have the required expertise and it is still pretty much thriving and there are loads of opportunities available to aspiring entrepreneurs that are interested in the industry.

IG took the first place position for research, with a broad range of tools available through its web platform and numerous in-house analysts and third-party content. Highlights include its exclusive streaming video, IG TV, along with a vast array of daily blog updates and detailed posts from a team of global analysts. Additionally, IG’s DailyFx site continues to be a leader for retail traders seeking educational and research material.


It must be noted that other forex brokers may have trade conditions which are slightly different. For instance, AvaTrade offers two Bitcoin contracts: a mini contract (Bitcoin Mini) which does not expire, as well as a weekly contract (Bitcoin Weekly) which expires at the end of the trading week. Also, some brokers allow execution of orders as soon as they are made, which differs from the eToro model where orders are fulfilled just 4 times in a trading day.
There are actually three ways that institutions, corporations and individuals trade forex: the spot market, the forwards market, and the futures market. Forex trading in the spot market has always been the largest market because it is the "underlying" real asset that the forwards and futures markets are based on. In the past, the futures market was the most popular venue for traders because it was available to individual investors for a longer period of time. However, with the advent of electronic trading and numerous forex brokers, the spot market has witnessed a huge surge in activity and now surpasses the futures market as the preferred trading market for individual investors and speculators. When people refer to the forex market, they usually are referring to the spot market. The forwards and futures markets tend to be more popular with companies that need to hedge their foreign exchange risks out to a specific date in the future.
Coinmama, an exchange located in Israel, specializes in enabling the purchase of Bitcoin using credit/debit cards. The services offered by this Bitcoin exchange are available in many countries around the world. The buying limit set by the exchange is higher compared to other exchanges. Bitcoins can be purchased for cash and on payments through the Western Union. However, the fee charged by the exchange is slightly on the higher side.

Unlike a stock market, the foreign exchange market is divided into levels of access. At the top is the interbank foreign exchange market, which is made up of the largest commercial banks and securities dealers. Within the interbank market, spreads, which are the difference between the bid and ask prices, are razor sharp and not known to players outside the inner circle. The difference between the bid and ask prices widens (for example from 0 to 1 pip to 1–2 pips for currencies such as the EUR) as you go down the levels of access. This is due to volume. If a trader can guarantee large numbers of transactions for large amounts, they can demand a smaller difference between the bid and ask price, which is referred to as a better spread. The levels of access that make up the foreign exchange market are determined by the size of the "line" (the amount of money with which they are trading). The top-tier interbank market accounts for 51% of all transactions.[61] From there, smaller banks, followed by large multi-national corporations (which need to hedge risk and pay employees in different countries), large hedge funds, and even some of the retail market makers. According to Galati and Melvin, “Pension funds, insurance companies, mutual funds, and other institutional investors have played an increasingly important role in financial markets in general, and in FX markets in particular, since the early 2000s.” (2004) In addition, he notes, “Hedge funds have grown markedly over the 2001–2004 period in terms of both number and overall size”.[62] Central banks also participate in the foreign exchange market to align currencies to their economic needs.


The trading interface is what the user of the forex trading software interacts with in order to execute forex trades. Such an interface needs to be both ergonomic and generally acceptable for your purposes. Most trading interfaces can be customized, but to what extent generally depends on the software. Adjusting window placement and display colors are common trading interface changes that most platforms permit.
Investors, however, make money off of fluctuations in markets. Generally, the more volatile prices for an investment are, the more opportunities there are to make and lose money. This is why Bitcoin Forex trading is becoming more and more popular. At the moment, the amount of speculation and number of concerns (i.e. security, government intervention) surrounding the currency mean that Bitcoin prices are highly volatile. This makes Bitcoin an investment vehicle more similar to stocks, commodities, and other highly speculative investments – giving it the ability to gain larger profit (and loss).

Forex newbies pay attention! Babypips is the go-to primer for beginning forex traders. Babypips breaks down the fundamentals of forex into an easy to learn free training course. They have a host of columns covering all things from psychology, automation, and first time trading in a perspective that is accessible to new traders. If you’re new to forex, or know somebody interested in learning, they belong here.
TD Ameritrade has been historically one of the more expensive trading platforms, but over the years, they have gradually lowered their costs to compete with other online brokers. On October 2, 2019, TD Ameritrade eliminated commissions from all stock, options, and ETF trades - a move that was followed by other online stock trading sites like E*TRADE. Previously, TD Ameritrade charged a $6.95 commission on stock, options, and ETF trades.
In 1944 in Bretton Woods in the USA, members of the United Nations signed an agreement to establish a currency exchange rate system for economically developed nations. The US dollar became the reserve currency since, following the end of World War Two, the USA could guarantee the exchange of their currency for a fixed amount of gold. To support a system of international payments, the IMF (International Monetary Fund) was created. However, the Bretton Woods agreement did not take into account the fact that countries would seek to accumulate as big a dollar reserve as possible. This meant that the US could be put in a situation where it couldn’t cover the reserves using its gold. When Western Germany and France began to exchange their dollar reserves for gold in 1971 the US abandoned the obligations that they had assumed since 1944.
An initial coin offering (ICO) is a controversial means of raising funds for a new cryptocurrency venture. An ICO may be used by startups with the intention of avoiding regulation. However, securities regulators in many jurisdictions, including in the U.S., and Canada have indicated that if a coin or token is an "investment contract" (e.g., under the Howey test, i.e., an investment of money with a reasonable expectation of profit based significantly on the entrepreneurial or managerial efforts of others), it is a security and is subject to securities regulation. In an ICO campaign, a percentage of the cryptocurrency (usually in the form of "tokens") is sold to early backers of the project in exchange for legal tender or other cryptocurrencies, often bitcoin or ether.[46][47][48]
It's important to consider whether a Forex broker and their trading platform will suit your trading style. For example, you might be interested in following a Forex scalping strategy, which involves making a high volume of small profits on small currency movements. In this case, you would need to ensure that any potential broker has minimum distance between the market price and your stop-loss and take-profit.
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