Just like stocks, you can trade currency based on what you think its value is (or where it's headed). But the big difference with forex is that you can trade up or down just as easily. If you think a currency will increase in value, you can buy it. If you think it will decrease, you can sell it. With a market this large, finding a buyer when you're selling and a seller when you're buying is much easier than in in other markets. Maybe you hear on the news that China is devaluing its currency to draw more foreign business into its country. If you think that trend will continue, you could make a forex trade by selling the Chinese currency against another currency, say, the US dollar. The more the Chinese currency devalues against the US dollar, the higher your profits. If the Chinese currency increases in value while you have your sell position open, then your losses increase and you want to get out of the trade.
In 1982, the 1¢ coin was changed to dodecagonal, and the 5¢ was further debased to a cupro-nickel alloy. In 1987 a $1 coin struck in aureate-plated nickel was introduced. A bimetallic $2 coin followed in 1996. In 1997, copper-plated zinc replaced bronze in the 1¢, and it returned to a round shape. This was followed, in 2000, by the introduction of even cheaper plated-steel 1¢, 5¢, 10¢, 25¢ and 50¢ coins, with the 1¢ plated in copper and the others plated in cupro-nickel. In 2012, the multi-ply plated-steel technology was introduced for $1 and $2 coins as well. Also in that year mintage of the 1¢ coin ceased and its withdrawal from circulation began in 2013.
A demo account is a type of account that brokers offer to traders to test the platform and practice their trading strategies. This account allows traders to use virtual funds by taking part in real trade. However, they are not exposed to any risk and reward. Traders are mostly allowed to experience all the features and charting tools that they are eligible to use in real account. These types of demo accounts are offered by a large number of online trading platforms, including foreign exchange trading venues, stock trading platforms, and commodities exchanges.
Foreign exchange (or forex) markets are one of the fastest and most volatile financial markets to trade. Money can be made or lost in a matter of seconds; at the same time, currencies can display significant trends lasting several days, weeks, even years. Most importantly, forex markets are always moving, providing an accessible and target-rich trading environment.

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The chart above shows the bullish ABCD pattern being easily identified with the zig-zag indicator. After point D is formed, price makes a small rally right after this pivot swing low if formed. As we can see from the above, the ABCD pattern is a simple harmonic pattern that appears on the price charts frequently. If can give clues to the trader about potential future moves.
The foreign exchange ("forex" or "FX") currency market is not traded on a regulated exchange like stocks and commodities. Rather, the market consists of a network of financial institutions and retail trading brokers which each have their own individual hours of operation. Since most participants trade between the hours of 8:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. in their local time zone, these times are used as the market open and close times, respectively.
Warren Buffett is the best example to hit this point home. In 2008, he bet some hedge fund managers $1 million that they wouldn’t be able to make more money in a decade than a cheap, boring index fund. An index fund uses simple investing algorithms to track an index and doesn’t require active human management. Conversely, hedge funds stack management fees on top of trading fees to pay for the time and knowledge actual strategists are putting into your investments.
Live, real-time prices on major, minor and exotic FX pairs. No algorithmic software designed to push trades to the broker’s favor. Trade flexible lot sizes with tight spreads supporting multiple sub-accounts. No added commissions (except core pricing plus commission models), minimum deposit or minimum trade size. Multilingual 24/5 customer support during market hours.
In Singapore, foreign exchange companies are governed by the Monetary Authority of Singapore under the Money-Changing and Remittance Businesses Act[11] which sets out the criteria for license application[12] as well as guidelines when it comes to the prevention of money laundering and countering the financing of terrorism.[13] As of June 2019, there are 391 money changing businesses and 114 remittance companies in Singapore.[14]
When a trader opens a position at AvaTrade, he is not charged any other commissions beside the spread. The spread is the difference between the buy and sell price which is counted in pips – the fourth digit after the dot. For example if the buy price of EURUSD is 1.1123 and the sell price is 1.1120, then the spread is 3 pips. The spread charged for a position opened by a trader is the spread multiplied by the size of the position.
DISCLAIMER: This material on this website is intended for illustrative purposes and general information only. It does not constitute financial advice nor does it take into account your investment objectives, financial situation or particular needs. Commission, interest, platform fees, dividends, variation margin and other fees and charges may apply to financial products or services available from FP Markets. The information in this website has been prepared without taking into account your personal objectives, financial situation or needs. You should consider the information in light of your objectives, financial situation and needs before making any decision about whether to acquire or dispose of any financial product. Contracts for Difference (CFDs) are derivatives and can be risky; losses can exceed your initial payment and you must be able to meet all margin calls as soon as they are made. When trading CFDs you do not own or have any rights to the CFDs underlying assets. 

Retail Forex traders – Finally, we come to retail Forex traders (you and I). The retail Forex trading industry is growing everyday with the advent of Forex trading platforms and their ease of accessibility on the internet. Retail Forex traders access the market indirectly either through a broker or a bank. There are two main types of retail Forex brokers that provide us with the ability to speculate on the currency market: brokers and dealers. Brokers work as an agent for the trader by trying to find the best price in the market and executing on behalf of the customer. For this, they charge a commission on top of the price obtained in the market. Dealers are also called market makers because they ‘make the market’ for the trader and act as the counter-party to their transactions, they quote a price they are willing to deal at and are compensated through the spread, which is the difference between the buy and sell price (more on this later).
Execute orders on your broker's platform by pitting one currency against another. For example, if you are confident the U.S. dollar will increase in value against the Canadian dollar based on recent financial events, you could buy the USD/CAD pair. These are the symbols associated with those currencies. Buying the pair means that you expect the value of the first currency listed to rise relative to the second. If it does, you make money. If not, you risk losses. Selling or shorting the pair means you expect the U.S. dollar to lose value against the Canadian dollar.
Disclaimer: Trading carries a high level of risk, and may not be suitable for all investors. Before deciding to invest you should carefully consider your investment objectives, level of experience, and risk appetite. The possibility exists that you could sustain a loss of some or all of your initial investment and therefore you should not invest money that you cannot afford to lose. You should be aware of all the risks associated with foreign exchange trading, and seek advice from an independent financial advisor if you have any doubts.
While all forex brokers offer stop/loss features when trading it is possible to exceed loss levels set due to slippage. Due to the high levels of risk this presents day traders may select a broker that offers guaranteed stop loss orders. This means they can’t lose more than a set amount for a trade. Another fail-safe brokers offer is negative balance protection. This is where broker automatically exit CFDs traders from the market when their deposit level reaches $0 balance. Even if slippage does occur, the broker pays the difference. Reading the risk warnings of brokers is important prior to trading currency.
There are several types of trading patterns.  Patterns are observable price action that can be used to determine the future direction of a currency pair. Patterns can help you decide whether a forex pair will continue to trend in a specific direction or reverse. You can use online trading chart patterns as a way to bolster your trading arsenal. 1. ... Read more »

More than just one of the best forex brokers Canada has to offer, Avatrade is respected around the world. The Canadian arm of this top global broker, Avatrade Canada provides access to the same depth of markets and trading instruments as they do to traders around the world. Combining this with the full availability of their excellent trading platforms including the well-respected Metatrader 4, Duplitrade, and AvaOptions, serve to add to the reasons why our team recommends Avatrade as one of the top forex trading brokers in Canada. The Duplitrade platform provides you with opportunities to engage in social trading. This is a feature which is also not often available from other top forex brokers in Canada
In 1998, Wei Dai published a description of "b-money", characterized as an anonymous, distributed electronic cash system.[12] Shortly thereafter, Nick Szabo described bit gold.[13] Like bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies that would follow it, bit gold (not to be confused with the later gold-based exchange, BitGold) was described as an electronic currency system which required users to complete a proof of work function with solutions being cryptographically put together and published.
Automated trading functionality: One of the benefits of Forex trading is the ability to open a position and set automatic stop loss and take profit levels, at which the trade will close. More sophisticated platforms should have the functionality to carry out trading strategies on your behalf, once you have defined the parameters for these strategies. A good trading platform will allow this level of flexibility, rather than requiring a trader to constantly be monitoring any trades.
Automatic trading software can be used to trade a range of markets, including Forex, stocks, commodities, cryptocurrencies and more. The software simply analyses the market, and opens a trade so you don't need to carry it out manually. In a nutshell, with automated software you can turn on your trading terminal, activate the program and then walk away while the software trades for you.
In order to attract more customers and to give small traders a chance to test their skills at trading the forex market, a large number of online brokerage firms offer demo or practice accounts. Offered free of charge in most cases, demo accounts can usually be opened with minimal effort and offer many of the online features of a live forex account, except trading with real money.
Understanding the above concepts will help you grasp what's happening when you see a forex pair rising or falling on a chart. If you do the math on the difference in pips between two price points, it will also help you see the profit potential available from such moves. For more on starting out in forex trading, see Minimum Capital Required to Start Day Trading Forex and How Much Money Can I Make Forex Day Trading? Both these articles provide more examples of how profit is realized in the forex market, as well as introducing new concepts, such as leverage.
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Figure 2 shows a symmetric triangle. It is tradable because the pattern provides an entry, stop and profit target. The entry is when the perimeter of the triangle is penetrated – in this case, to the upside making the entry 1.4032. The stop is the low of the pattern at 1.4025. The profit target is determined by adding the height of the pattern to the entry price (1.4032). The height of the pattern is 25 pips, thus making the profit target 1.4057, which was quickly hit and exceeded.
$0.00 commission applies to online U.S. equity trades, exchange-traded funds (ETFs), and options (+ $0.65 per contract fee) in a Fidelity retail account only for Fidelity Brokerage Services LLC retail clients. Sell orders are subject to an activity assessment fee (from $0.01 to $0.03 per $1,000 of principal). There is an Options Regulatory Fee (from $0.03 to $0.05 per contract), which applies to both option buy and sell transactions. The fee is subject to change. Other exclusions and conditions may apply. See Fidelity.com/commissions for details. Employee equity compensation transactions and accounts managed by advisors or intermediaries through Fidelity Clearing & Custody Solutions® are subject to different commission schedules.

which will offer high-quality brokerage services to conduct trading operations on the forex market via the Internet or the phone. Buy and sell transactions are made on behalf of a client of the brokerage company. Besides, the brokerage services include providing a trader with analytical information, trading strategies of high-qualified specialists, analysts’ consultation, a free access to the trading platform and so on. The client and the brokerage company shoulder a mutual responsibility and provide guarantees which are stipulated in the contract of rendering the brokerage services. One should bear in mind that the larger a brokerage company the more qualitative services it renders but to cooperate with such a company one needs to dispose a larger amount of money.
The smallest possible change of quotation. As a rule, pip is equal to 0.0001 or 0.00001 for the majority of currency pairs, which are quoted to the fourth or fifth decimal point after the comma, but for JPY pairs it is 0.01 or 0.001 and is quoted to the second or third decimal point. For other financial instruments, the pip is usually equal from 0.1 to 0.001. 
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